Grow Marijuana Indoors

Growing marijuana indoors is a very convenient and cost-effective proposition because, over period of time, it will save you a ton of money. It’s a very hardy, quick-growing plant that only takes around four months to go from seed to a mature plant, and it doesn’t even require ideal growing conditions. Chances are even a first attempt at growing will be successful.

The best place to grow is indoors

It’s much safer to grow indoors, because it can be hidden from public view, and it’s not dependent on external weather conditions. The best place to set up would be in a small room like a closet, a shed, a garage, a cellar, or an attic – any enclosed area which no one else has access to. The area selected must have a source of electricity, and some kind of venting system to supply fresh air and exhaust used air.

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Growing requirements

The equipment needed for growing indoors includes standard hydroponic parts

  • A good source of light
    • Use High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) lamps, because they produce a good supply of light with very little electricity and they’re inexpensive. If HPS lamps are unavailable, LED grow lights can also be used, although these are a lot more expensive. Fresh air is important, because if the growing area is not well ventilated, it will have a tendency to develop insects, which can reduce your harvest.
  • A reliable fan
    • Getting rid of old air inside is a good idea so there isn’t a powerful smell accumulating in the growing space, and a carbon filter will help immensely with this. The simple combination of a fan and a charcoal filter is all that’s really needed to remove the strong smell.
  • Fertilizer
  • Fabric pots
  • Seed germinations
  • Potting mix
  • And optionally, a grow tent

The last item is extremely useful for keeping the light contained and concentrated, so it helps the process considerably.

The last requirement is, of course, great cannabis seeds, which can be ordered online from several discreet vendors overseas.

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Grow Marijuana IndoorsGrowing your plants

  • Germinate the seeds – start with between 10 and 20, embedded in peat pellets. Only feminized seeds (those which parties female plants) will actually produce marijuana, so male plants must be discarded later. Within 3 to 7 days, plants will sprout, after which lighting must be provided for 18 hours a day, with six hours of off-time, keeping the plants moist at all times.
  • Transfer to pots – When the roots can be seen growing outside of the peat pellet, transfer the whole peat pellet with plant into a pot filled with potting soil, and water lightly.
  • Water the plant – Young plants need water once a week, mature plants once a day – just water when the soil is dry
  • Switch to flowering mode – after 3-1/2 weeks, the plants will switch to flowering phase and begin to make seeds, and then the light source should be dropped down to about 12 hours a day
  • Eliminate males – after four weeks of flowering, the first buds will appear on all the plants, but the females will have whitish-looking hairs and the males will have hanging balls. These have to be eliminated because they will pollinate the females and drastically reduce your yield.
  • Fertilize regularly – with regular watering and fertilizing, the plants will ripen in 2 to 3 months, and there isn’t much else to do except let them grow.
  • Harvest – use scissors to cut away all the leaves from the buds and discard them, since they have no active ingredients. Trim the buds – and enjoy!


10 Things to Know Before You Grow Marijuana

Things to know before you begin to grow your own marijuana

Growing marijuana doesn’t need to be difficult or time-consuming. Producing more yield can be a bit daunting, but here are ten things to help.

1. Proper air flow is essential

Whether using soil or hydroponics, getting the right air circulation in the growing room is essential for the health of your cannabis plant. To get great air flow indoors for your plant, use exhaust fans. They will pull fresh air into the room and warm air out.

2. Light = greater yield

When it comes to growing marijuana, a great lighting setup, complete with ballast, hood, and bulb, is a top priority for a quality product.10 Things to Know Before You Grow Marijuana

3. Using mylar generates more from your lights

Mylar is a great tool for making the most of your lighting system. Since it’s great for reflecting light, putting mylar on the walls can help your grow room get the amount of light it needs.

4. Maintain ideal air temperature

To avoid stunting or killing your plants, maintain the ideal temperature of 72-76 degrees Fahrenheit. An air conditioning system may be needed for your grow room.

5. Use controls for easier growing

To avoid hurting your plants from forgetting to turn something on or off, consider controls or sensors to regulate temperature, light, and even carbon dioxide.

6. Nutrient-rich soil

If you are growing marijuana with soil, presuming it has the proper nutrients, will allow your plants to produce a high-quality product. Quality organic gardening soil mixed with compost will allow you to grow better cannabis.

7. Practice pest control

For a healthy marijuana garden, pest control is vital. Consider keeping organic soap, pest deterrents, and even lady bugs in your grow area to keep mites and mildew away.

8. Use the right containers for soil-growing

If you are growing with soil, the container you use plays a huge role in the health of your plant. Make sure that your container allows for proper drainage to keep roots from rotting. Also, consider using a large container (such as a 15 to 25 gallon bucket) to give your plants’ roots room to expand.

9. Hydroponics can yield greater results

Using hydroponics can be difficult, but utilizing them properly allows you to grow a thriving plant much faster. If you’re not the hydroponics novice yet, consider a hydroponics kit to help in the starting process.

10. Know when to harvest

Harvesting your weed at different times will produce different effects. Harvesting your marijuana buds when 50%-70% of the white hairs have darkened will retain higher THC content whereas harvesting when 70%-90% of the hairs are dark, this will produce weed with a more calming effect.

The 3 varieties of Marijuana

3 varieties of MarijuanaThere are 3 varieties of marijuana generally available, and each of them has their own distinct properties and a different set of effects that will be noticeable by those who partake.

Two of these types, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, have been known and used extensively since the 1700’s, and the third type Cannabis Hybrid, has been newly introduced in recent years by fans of the first two types.

3 varieties of Marijuana

Here is what you can expect if you choose to sit down with friends and enjoy a joint or two sometime.

Cannabis Indica

This strain of marijuana had its origins in the Hindu Kush region near Afghanistan, and it has historically been known as a fairly strong variety. Part of the reason for this is that over time, this strain of marijuana plant developed fairly thick coats of resin to protect itself from a climate that was often very harsh, and these resins are the active ingredient in marijuana.

While it has been known by such colorful nicknames as Purple Haze and Northern Lights, the Indica strain tends to have a very mellowing effect on participants, reducing anxieties and tensions, and inspiring serious time on the couch.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa is nearly a direct opposite of Indica, in the sense that it tends to have energizing effects, and is therefore more frequently used during the daytime as an antidote to depression or fatigue. It is known to enhance creativity in participants, and to promote increased productivity among users. Over the years, Sativa has acquired such colorful nicknames as Sour Diesel and Lemon Haze.

Cannabis Hybrid

As its name would suggest, Cannabis Hybrid is a cross between Indica and Sativa, but in this very broad category, there are literally hundreds of strains of hybrid. This is quite understandable because so many amateur growers have indulged in experimentation with their own particular hybrid strain, to produce just the right combination of effects and ultimately, enjoyment.

Many marijuana enthusiasts have sought to create a strain of product which induces the perfect state of enjoyment, coupled with the most desired level of activity, or lack thereof. By far, the greatest amount of marijuana generally available is some form of Hybrid strain, simply because so many growers have tried their hand at producing it.

Growing Marijuana vs. Buying it

Medical Marijuana, growing weed, Commerical Weed with BudsHave you ever wondered whether it’s worth it to grow your own marijuana or simply buy it without all the fuss? Here we break down the pros and cons of each one.

Pros of Growing It

When you grow your own marijuana, you have the benefit of making superior marijuana under conditions in a controlled environment. You will not run out of your own supply, you’ve learned a new skill not many people know, your cost per ounce decreases significantly, the more you perfect your craft, and you can sell your own weed at a big profit. Buying supplies like seeds from Seedsman.com is even more convenient nowadays where online stores make it easy to pick up what you need to grow your business.

Learning the business of growing your own weed is easier than ever, too, through how-to books like Ryan Riley’s Growing Elite Marijuana. Purchasing your own equipment may be a bit of a cash outlay in the beginning but you can quickly recoup that money once production gets going. Start kits can be had for as little as $80. You can buy a bit more, still for cheap money, for a beginner’s equipment set-up for about $300, including duct fans, lighting, fertilizers, timers and soil-less mix, according to the Weedist.

Cons of Growing It

The biggest con to growing your own marijuana is the time commitment in harvesting and caring for the crop. If you love this part and truly look at it as a hobby, then this is not a con for you! You may enjoy the fact that you can browse online sites like Dealerz.com to find state-of-the-art hydroponic grow boxes. That being said, another con is the initial cash outlay for all the equipment and supplies, for which you have to make plenty of space within your home or garden.

You can get a starter kit like above and save money, but as soon as you start really getting into the hobby and want to expand, you’re looking at a bigger cash investment for top of the line equipment. However, the biggest money pit in this endeavor will be the electricity you use to run it. A 9,000-watt garden with all the bells and whistles can run you about $700 a month just for the electric bills, according to The Weed Blog. Another con? You have to make time every day to tend to your crop, so going on vacation can be problematic unless you have someone who can drop in each day and take care of the maintenance. The legal aspect can be a con depending on which state you live in, as it’s still illegal in most states to grow your own marijuana.

Pros of Buying It

When you buy marijuana, you have the freedom to buy it when you want it and from whom you want, with the opportunity to shop around if you don’t like someone’s prices. You don’t have to put the time in to grow your own garden. When you want some, you buy some. Simple. You will pay more per ounce this way but the convenience factor may cancel out this price difference for you. With prices falling lower and lower since February’s price of $300, the US Price Index dropped another $11 for a record low of $286 per ounce in March of 2014, according to High Times.

Cons of Buying It

Lack of cost control is a big con of buying marijuana, as you simply pay what the price dictates and that’s that. There is no consistency in terms of quality and quantity, and you never really know what’s in the product you’re buying. You put yourself at risk every time you buy it, as surveillance could become an issue. You have to rely on others to keep your secret and you must meet up with dealers when the time is convenient for them, not necessarily for you. Driving with marijuana in your car also puts you at risk. When there’s a drought on marijuana on your local area, there’s no supply for anyone. If you need marijuana for medicinal purposes, it is legal in many states to buy and use medical marijuana; however, the process of getting a prescription through your doctor and waiting to have it filled from a licensed dispensary can be time consuming and a hassle. And lastly, your dealer very likely could get busted, leaving you without a source.

Staying informed on both sides of the issue is key. Ultimately, whatever you decide will depend on your willingness to devote the time, as well as your budget, your connections and your space.

How To Prevent and Manage Bug Infestation for Indoor Gardens

bugs on cannabis leaf, medical cannabisWhen you invest a lot of time and money into growing your indoor marijuana crop, the last thing you want is for bug infestation to destroy it all. There are steps you can take to prevent bugs from invading your marijuana, through the use of both chemical and organic products, tools and systems.

Types of Bug Infestations

There are more than 250 insects associated with cannabis and that can cause a real problem for the health of your plants, according to Medical Marijuana. Common culprits include spider mites, aphids, whiteflies, hemp borers, budworms, cutworms, armyworms, leaf-eating caterpillars, thrips, flea beetles, grubs, weevils, leafminers, ants, termites, earwigs and even grasshoppers. They all wreak havoc in their own special way. For instance, the spider mite loves to suck the sap from the leaves, while hemp borers destroy flower tops and eat seeds. While technically not a bug, mold is another culprit that can destroy your crops.

What to do About It

You don’t have to sit idly by while your crop is destroyed. Invest in some chemicals or organics to nip the problem in the bud. Sprays like Nutrilife’s SM-90 cost about $14 for one liter. Spray your plants with a solution of one part SM-90 and five parts water but do it when the lights are set to go off so you don’t burn the leaves. Don’t forget to spray underneath the leaves too. Garden Safe Neem Oil Extract is another wise choice if you want to use organics. A 16-ounce bottle will cost you about 10 bucks. There are other ways to trap and kill your bug predators. To get rid of aphids, place sticky traps near your plants, preferably on the floor or hanging at the top. You can also release natural predators of aphids into your crop with no adverse effects. Ladybugs and lacewings will wipe out your aphid infestation in no time. The beetle borer, another pest that is devastating to your crop, will eat through the stalks. Sprays are useless on this pest. The only way to get rid of them is to physically remove them by cutting the beetle out of your plant. Caterpillars will eat through leaves like they’re going out of style. Keep them at bay with a homemade mixture of hot pepper, garlic, pesticide and pyrethrum. Fungus gnats spread through the roots of your plants, but you can slow them down by reducing the moisture in the environment, or apply anti-algae spray to the plant’s base. This will manage to kill any algae, which is the gnats’ primary source of food.

Best Fertilizers to Grow Marijuana

Organic fertilizers are becoming more popular to growing weed or Medical Marijuana

Organic fertilizers are becoming more popular

It’s necessary to feed your marijuana plants the food that will help them grow and thrive: nutrients and fertilizer. There are many types and brands on the market, from organic to chemical and everything in between. You can even make your own fertilizer at home so you know exactly what goes into it. Here we explore the types and brands of fertilizers and their price ranges to help you make a wise decision.

Germination Phase to Grow Marijuana

During this phase, avoid the use of fertilizers in soil, as they can destroy your fragile sprouts. At this time, tomato soils will work fine until it’s time to add nutrients and fertilizers, says Mary Jane’s Garden.

Vegetative Phase

It’s best to use fertilizers like NPK at this point to allow your plants to grow, thrive and mature. You’ll spend about $20 for 16 ounces. This is a milder fertilizer because using full strength at this stage will have adverse effects on your plants. As you get more experienced, you can experiment on ways to dilute your fertilizer to the perfect strength. Frequency depends on personal preference — some growers like to fertilize a little each day or in bigger amounts twice a week.

Flowering Phase

Up the ratio of phosphorus to your crop for nice, strong flowers. Just don’t add too much or you’ll burn the plant. As your plants grow, you’ll need to increase the amount of fertilizer. Make sure you’re including enough calcium, sulfur and magnesium to get the best yields. The perfect balance is necessary here and you’ll need to do your research on what’s right for your type and size of crop. Too much and you’ll kill them; too little and you’ll starve them. Proven fertilizer brands to try at this point include good ‘ole Miracle-Gro, which will set you back only about $20 for five pounds. You can try making your own fertilizer of a mixture of urine and water but make sure you dilute it plenty so as not to burn your plants with the acidic content of the urine. Composting is another great homemade, organic way to fertilize and grow your marijuana crop.

Pre-Harvest Phase

Two weeks before you expect to harvest, stop the use of fertilizers to avoid any chemical traces in the plant when ready for consumption. Use fresh water to get rid of lasting fertilizer residue on the leaves and flowers. Water your plants regularly during these two weeks to ensure the best outcome.

Why is marijuana illegal?

marijuana illegal, Marijuana law, marijuana legal statesEven though more and more states are jumping on the marijuana legalization bandwagon, many states have yet to make this leap. It’s important to know where your state stands before you grow, sell or use marijuana. The laws are changing almost on a daily basis, so arm yourself with the knowledge of where marijuana is legal and how that is evolving.

Legalization

Of the 20 legal marijuana states, only 15 allow the cultivation of marijuana at home, according to ProCon.org. In terms of use in general, federal law has in place something called the Controlled Substances Act, classifying marijuana as a Schedule I substance and does not recognize it for medicinal purposes, according to the Huffington Post. In effect, the feds treat this drug like any other controlled substance such as heroin or cocaine. However, it has allowed individual states to make up their own minds about whether it should be allowed for medicinal use. You’ll see here which states are legal medical marijuana states. Where in the country is marijuana still illegal? Currently, states like New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Florida, Georgia and Minnesota don’t have laws legalizing pot. Some states are even lobbying for and have been granted laws that legalize recreational marijuana, such as Colorado and Washington State. That being said, federal law trumps state law in that if the DEA decides to, it can punish people for both medicinal and recreational marijuana use because it does not officially recognize either use, and the penalties can be pretty steep, says Americans for Safe Access.

Change

In recent years, more and more states are allowing the use of marijuana within their borders. Why? There is a growing body of evidence that suggests making marijuana legal does not increase its use, and that in fact prohibiting its use can be harmful and costly, according to Norml. Many people and organizations, such as the Drug Policy Alliance, feel that legalizing the nation’s biggest cash crop will not only create jobs but also economic opportunities that would work to protect the safety of the public and reduce court costs. The DPA feels that the criminalization of marijuana actually works against curbing youth access to the drug and may boost mass levels of violence. The medicinal effects of marijuana, a major component of legalized marijuana use from state to state, has had a major impact on the increasing acceptance of the growing, selling and consuming of cannabis.

How to Grow Marijuana Indoors

Grow Marijuana Indoors, growing weedWith two states hopping on board with the legal use of recreational marijuana and many more that allow it for medicinal purposes, as well as record high support levels for more relaxed policies, the national stance on this substance is starting to shift in favor of its benefits, according to The Huffington Post. If you’re looking to start growing marijuana for your own use or for distribution to others, you’ll need the proper equipment, fertilizers, seeds and harvest materials in order to grow it.

What You’ll Need

First and foremost, you’ll need to find a large room that can accommodate your new-found hobby. It should be open and airy, with plenty of table space. You can use seeds, but Business Insider recommends growing your marijuana via cuttings from healthy adult mother plants for the best results. Using seeds, you get male and female plants — not a good situation if you’re looking at a higher resale value. Having male plants in your garden will result in your marijuana flowers including seeds, thereby lowering both the quality and price you can get for them. Rather than use peat moss for fertilizer, utilize coconut shell soil. Coconut shells are typically thrown away when harvested. When ground into a soil consistency, this makes for an excellent fertilization medium because there are no added nutrients within it. Knowing exactly what you’re giving your plants gives you peace of mind. You’ll also need a water filtration system, such as a reverse osmosis unit, to take out all the metals from your tap water than can harm your plants. A climate control system is imperative too, as too much or too little heat and humidity can destroy a crop. Lastly, you’ll need a good lighting system to grow marijuana effectively. From CFL and LED to HID and metal halide grow lights, the type you choose will depend heavily on the type and size of operation you’re running.

How to Determine the Sex of Your Cannabis Plants

The first thing you might be wondering is, “Why does it matter?” What’s the difference whether you have male or female plants in your growing field or greenhouse? Any serious grower can tell you it matters very much. If male and female plants are mixed together in your growing area, the buds produced will have seeds in them. Depending on the grower, this may be good or bad.

It is good if the desire is to use the seeds to grow more plants, but in terms of its appeal for smoking, it’s a bad. Buds from female plants, called sensimilla, are more potent, whereas plants with seeds are often harsh and far less appealing to afficionados; so they are generally classified as lower-grade cannabis. The sex of your cannabis plants matters depending on your goal. Are you trying to grow sensimilla, develop a new strain, or just gathering seeds for a next crop?

Determining gender

The most reliable way to determine the gender of a cannabis plant is by examining a growth called the ‘pre-flower’. This begins to appear about four weeks into growth, and becomes fairly prominent after six weeks. Look for this pre-flower near the plant’s stalk, where leaves and branches extend outward (a.k.a. the nodes). While very small at this stage, you can see them well through a magnifying glass to make an accurate assessment.

Identify whether you see small, roundish sacs (male plants), or tiny bracts with hair-like stigma (female plants). The small sacs of a male plant will eventually become spreaders of pollen, while the fibrous stigma will serve to receive that pollen, achieving fertilization. This is exactly what you don’t want, if you’re a grower trying to cultivate sensimilla buds which are prized for their smoothness and potency.

How to Determine the Sex of Your Cannabis Plants

As soon as you can reliably identify male plants, remove them from your crop to prevent pollination of the females. This will leave more growing capacity for the all-important female plants.

A third possibility

Just when you thought it was too easy to manage males and females, along come hermaphrodites, plants that exhibit both male and female characteristics. Hermaphrodites have both pollen sacs and stigma, or growths called anthers, which look like tiny bananas.

Hermaphrodites usually only develop in stressed colonies, e.g. weather factors and subpar growing conditions. You will also need to weed these out as they are capable of pollinating your female plants.


Photo credit: Green Rush Daily

Will Vermont Legalize Cannabis This Year?

On May 10, 2017, the Vermont House of Representatives approved a bill by a vote of 79-66 which would legalize the possession of cannabis for adult usage, starting in 2018.

The Vermont Senate had already passed the bill, known as S.22, by a vote of 20-9, which would make it permissible to cultivate a small amount of cannabis for home usage, and possess up to an ounce.

Vermont’s neighbor, Massachusetts, has already legalized cannabis possession for adults, and it permits ownership of up to 10 ounces for each adult in a household.

The allowable home cultivation amounts for Vermont adults would include
  • Growing two mature plants
  • Four plants not considered to be mature by virtue of their having no buds
  • The ounce of cannabis which may legally be possessed is completely separate from the plants which can be cultivated


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Commission will study cannabis regulation

The bill also allows for formation of a commission to evaluate how the fledgling cannabis industry would be taxed and regulated within the state. While this may be a huge undertaking, it is one which has already been successfully implemented by eight other states in the U.S., and far more than that, if medical marijuana is included.

This commission would be comprised of nine members which would meet prior to August 1 of the present year. By November 1, the legislature and the governor would be provided with a proposal for the regulation of cannabis within the state.

Needless to say, as the bill passed through both the Senate and the House, it received considerable rework, and in the end, still didn’t please all the legislators involved.

According to Sen. Dick Spears, who is chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the bill at least has broad appeal and widespread support. “I believe strongly that while this is not what we all wanted, this may be the best that we can get at this point. This is an effort to put something together that might have an opportunity to pass this session.”

First state to legalize through legislature

If this bill should be signed into law by Gov. Phil Scott, Vermont will become the very first state in the US to legalize cannabis through its legislature rather than by popular referendum.

Now all eyes will turn to Gov. Scott to see if he does indeed sign the bill into law, and even though the bill has popular support in both houses of the legislature, its passage is far from a done deal.

A spokesperson for the governor has already declared that while he is not philosophically opposed, he wants to thoroughly review the bill to ensure that public safety and health questions are appropriately addressed.

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