How to Identify Bad Marijuana

Marijuana can stay fresh and pleasantly potent for a long time, provided that each phase of the growth and harvesting cycles were carried out correctly, and that it has been properly stored while waiting to be used.

Obviously, this doesn’t always happen, and by the time some cannabis reaches the hands of consumers, its shelf life is already nearing the expiration date.

Here are a few ways to identify whether cannabis is going bad

Fragrance indicators

The terpenes, which are the highly aromatic oils in cannabis, can provide a huge clue about its worthiness for consumption.

  • If there is a distinctive aroma emanating from your cannabis, it’s probably still fresh and potent
  • A musty odor or a mildew kind of odor is a strong indicator that you may have to take the loss
  • No smell at all is not a good sign either and probably means you should smoke it right away

Visual indicators

Cannabis that looks fresh and healthy probably is fresh and healthy, whereas undesirable plants don’t look nearly so appealing, and in some cases it may be difficult to tell whether it’s cannabis at all.

  • Marijuana that looks old and dried out and can usually be crushed into a fine powder with no effort
  • Mold on cannabis can usually be spotted because it grows over the trichomes (tiny, mushroom-like shapes on the surface), while appearing to be a white powdery substance which envelops the entire flower
  • It’s also possible for mold to grow beneath the surface, so breaking your flowers apart can help with the identification of sub-surface mold

Feel indicators

One of the best ways to determine cannabis freshness is by pulling apart the identifiable nodes to see whether they are over-compressed.

  • Whether there is moisture content
  • Whether the flower simply falls apart in your fingers

Some moisture is a good thing, but over-compression and disintegration are definitely not.

Audio indicators

It is possible to pick up audio cues from your cannabis, by breaking apart the nugs between your fingers.

  • When flowers have been properly cured and dried, a pronounced ‘snap’ sound can be heard easily: this is a good indicator that there is still plenty of moisture in your cannabis, and it’s still in a smoke-worthy state
  • If you hear a crackly, dry sound between your fingers, and the flowers look brittle or old, it’s a good indication that the cannabis is past its prime and has dried out

Taste indicators

Unfortunately, the taste test cannot be performed without actually smoking the cannabis, so it should definitely not be the first evaluation you you do.

If your cannabis is old or has gone bad, it simply won’t smoke well, and you’ll be well aware of that fact before you have gone very far into smoking.

If your cannabis passes all five tests, hallelujah – sit back and enjoy the evening!
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The 3 varieties of Marijuana

3 varieties of MarijuanaThere are 3 varieties of marijuana generally available, and each of them has their own distinct properties and a different set of effects that will be noticeable by those who partake.

Two of these types, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, have been known and used extensively since the 1700’s, and the third type Cannabis Hybrid, has been newly introduced in recent years by fans of the first two types.

3 varieties of Marijuana

Here is what you can expect if you choose to sit down with friends and enjoy a joint or two sometime.

Cannabis Indica

This strain of marijuana had its origins in the Hindu Kush region near Afghanistan, and it has historically been known as a fairly strong variety. Part of the reason for this is that over time, this strain of marijuana plant developed fairly thick coats of resin to protect itself from a climate that was often very harsh, and these resins are the active ingredient in marijuana.

While it has been known by such colorful nicknames as Purple Haze and Northern Lights, the Indica strain tends to have a very mellowing effect on participants, reducing anxieties and tensions, and inspiring serious time on the couch.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa is nearly a direct opposite of Indica, in the sense that it tends to have energizing effects, and is therefore more frequently used during the daytime as an antidote to depression or fatigue. It is known to enhance creativity in participants, and to promote increased productivity among users. Over the years, Sativa has acquired such colorful nicknames as Sour Diesel and Lemon Haze.

Cannabis Hybrid

As its name would suggest, Cannabis Hybrid is a cross between Indica and Sativa, but in this very broad category, there are literally hundreds of strains of hybrid. This is quite understandable because so many amateur growers have indulged in experimentation with their own particular hybrid strain, to produce just the right combination of effects and ultimately, enjoyment.

Many marijuana enthusiasts have sought to create a strain of product which induces the perfect state of enjoyment, coupled with the most desired level of activity, or lack thereof. By far, the greatest amount of marijuana generally available is some form of Hybrid strain, simply because so many growers have tried their hand at producing it.

Why is marijuana illegal?

marijuana illegal, Marijuana law, marijuana legal statesEven though more and more states are jumping on the marijuana legalization bandwagon, many states have yet to make this leap. It’s important to know where your state stands before you grow, sell or use marijuana. The laws are changing almost on a daily basis, so arm yourself with the knowledge of where marijuana is legal and how that is evolving.


Of the 20 legal marijuana states, only 15 allow the cultivation of marijuana at home, according to In terms of use in general, federal law has in place something called the Controlled Substances Act, classifying marijuana as a Schedule I substance and does not recognize it for medicinal purposes, according to the Huffington Post. In effect, the feds treat this drug like any other controlled substance such as heroin or cocaine. However, it has allowed individual states to make up their own minds about whether it should be allowed for medicinal use. You’ll see here which states are legal medical marijuana states. Where in the country is marijuana still illegal? Currently, states like New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Florida, Georgia and Minnesota don’t have laws legalizing pot. Some states are even lobbying for and have been granted laws that legalize recreational marijuana, such as Colorado and Washington State. That being said, federal law trumps state law in that if the DEA decides to, it can punish people for both medicinal and recreational marijuana use because it does not officially recognize either use, and the penalties can be pretty steep, says Americans for Safe Access.


In recent years, more and more states are allowing the use of marijuana within their borders. Why? There is a growing body of evidence that suggests making marijuana legal does not increase its use, and that in fact prohibiting its use can be harmful and costly, according to Norml. Many people and organizations, such as the Drug Policy Alliance, feel that legalizing the nation’s biggest cash crop will not only create jobs but also economic opportunities that would work to protect the safety of the public and reduce court costs. The DPA feels that the criminalization of marijuana actually works against curbing youth access to the drug and may boost mass levels of violence. The medicinal effects of marijuana, a major component of legalized marijuana use from state to state, has had a major impact on the increasing acceptance of the growing, selling and consuming of cannabis.

How to Grow Marijuana Indoors

Grow Marijuana Indoors, growing weedWith two states hopping on board with the legal use of recreational marijuana and many more that allow it for medicinal purposes, as well as record high support levels for more relaxed policies, the national stance on this substance is starting to shift in favor of its benefits, according to The Huffington Post. If you’re looking to start growing marijuana for your own use or for distribution to others, you’ll need the proper equipment, fertilizers, seeds and harvest materials in order to grow it.

What You’ll Need

First and foremost, you’ll need to find a large room that can accommodate your new-found hobby. It should be open and airy, with plenty of table space. You can use seeds, but Business Insider recommends growing your marijuana via cuttings from healthy adult mother plants for the best results. Using seeds, you get male and female plants — not a good situation if you’re looking at a higher resale value. Having male plants in your garden will result in your marijuana flowers including seeds, thereby lowering both the quality and price you can get for them. Rather than use peat moss for fertilizer, utilize coconut shell soil. Coconut shells are typically thrown away when harvested. When ground into a soil consistency, this makes for an excellent fertilization medium because there are no added nutrients within it. Knowing exactly what you’re giving your plants gives you peace of mind. You’ll also need a water filtration system, such as a reverse osmosis unit, to take out all the metals from your tap water than can harm your plants. A climate control system is imperative too, as too much or too little heat and humidity can destroy a crop. Lastly, you’ll need a good lighting system to grow marijuana effectively. From CFL and LED to HID and metal halide grow lights, the type you choose will depend heavily on the type and size of operation you’re running.

How to Increase Cannabis Yield by Using CO2

You may have heard a lot about the concentration of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere, especially in connection with the global warming phenomenon. But at present the actual percentage of carbon dioxide in the overall atmosphere stands at .04%.

While the level of carbon dioxide may be rising, plants do still need this gas from our atmosphere in order to carry on the process of photosynthesis, which converts CO2 into energy. Cannabis growers can take advantage of this fact by introducing higher levels of carbon dioxide into their growing facility, so as to increase the yield from any given crop.

Photosynthesis in action

Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is extracted by the stomates of a plant, which are the tiny pores through which plants breathe. That carbon dioxide is combined with either sunlight or the light from artificial sources to generate oxygen and sugar.

While the oxygen is released back into the atmosphere as an unused by-product, plants use the sugar in order to sustain themselves and grow. As long as you provide an adequate light source, which corresponds to your increasing level of carbon dioxide, the natural process of photosynthesis will work to increase your cannabis yield.

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How to increase CO2 levels

While the benefits of a richer yields are very inviting, the process by which additional carbon dioxide is introduced to your grow space can be somewhat expensive and tricky to manage.

1. One method is to use a CO2 generator

These look very much like a patio heater, and burns propane or other natural gasses to produce carbon dioxide.

You can set this up to automatically fire up or shut down in order to maintain a pre-set carbon dioxide level.

Be aware that this method also produces additional heat which you’ll have to account for, and possibly vent out of your grow space.

2. Another way of introducing higher levels of CO2 is through the use of compressed CO2 tanks

They are available from compressed gas vendors and hydroponic outlets. This method differs from the CO2 generator in that the CO2 has already been produced and stored for you.

It allows you to simply release a controlled amount of the gas into your grow space.

It also means that no extra heat is being produced as a result of burning gas, which makes this an ideal method for use in relatively small growing facilities.

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Points to remember

  • Additional CO2 should only be introduced to your grow space during the time that you have your light source turned on, since no photosynthesis will occur during dark times.
  • It’s also a good idea to have fans in operation which circulate the CO2 around your growing plants so it can be more easily absorbed by all plants.
  • Finally, be careful to match your CO2 level to the volume of light made available in your grow space, because if there is excess CO2 which does not get pulled into photosynthesis, it could end up damaging your valuable cannabis plants.

Marijuana Industry Using Bitcoin Blockchain to Register Strains

As of August 2015, the marijuana industry is now using the bitcoin blockchain to register growers strains.

In the past, marijuana users weren’t focused on the specific type of strain they were getting when they purchased from their buyers. If they asked for a certain strain, and they got something else, it didn’t really matter, as long as they got high.

Now, since the industry is slowly becoming legal in many states when people buy strains of marijuana, they expect to get what they pay for. Some strains have higher medicinal benefits than others, and some are more potent than others.

So it’s essential that strains are patented now, and bitcoin has built a resolution. This will turn the marijuana industry into a much more profitable, reliable, and genuine industry.

Motherboard.Vice says in their recent article,

“For $600, growers can now buy a DNA purification kit for one of their plants and ship the genetic material to one of Medicinal Genomics partner labs for sequencing. Once the sequencing is done, scientists at Medical Genomics will compare the strain’s genome to a reference strain—in their case, this is Purple Kush—and record its genetic deviations from this reference to differentiate it as a unique strain.

Once the genotype of a grower’s plant has been determined, the scientists create a file documenting the unique properties of that strain and then runs that file through a cryptographic hash algorithm which scrambles the file’s information and produces a random string of numbers and letters known as a hashsum, or fingerprint, for the file.”

The hashsum is then connected to a bitcoin transaction. So this would allow the grower to have their very own strain, patented to them.

Read the full article from Motherboard.Vice
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