How to Identify Bad Marijuana

Marijuana can stay fresh and pleasantly potent for a long time, provided that each phase of the growth and harvesting cycles were carried out correctly, and that it has been properly stored while waiting to be used.

Obviously, this doesn’t always happen, and by the time some cannabis reaches the hands of consumers, its shelf life is already nearing the expiration date.

Here are a few ways to identify whether cannabis is going bad

Fragrance indicators

The terpenes, which are the highly aromatic oils in cannabis, can provide a huge clue about its worthiness for consumption.

  • If there is a distinctive aroma emanating from your cannabis, it’s probably still fresh and potent
  • A musty odor or a mildew kind of odor is a strong indicator that you may have to take the loss
  • No smell at all is not a good sign either and probably means you should smoke it right away

Visual indicators

Cannabis that looks fresh and healthy probably is fresh and healthy, whereas undesirable plants don’t look nearly so appealing, and in some cases it may be difficult to tell whether it’s cannabis at all.

  • Marijuana that looks old and dried out and can usually be crushed into a fine powder with no effort
  • Mold on cannabis can usually be spotted because it grows over the trichomes (tiny, mushroom-like shapes on the surface), while appearing to be a white powdery substance which envelops the entire flower
  • It’s also possible for mold to grow beneath the surface, so breaking your flowers apart can help with the identification of sub-surface mold

Feel indicators

One of the best ways to determine cannabis freshness is by pulling apart the identifiable nodes to see whether they are over-compressed.

  • Whether there is moisture content
  • Whether the flower simply falls apart in your fingers

Some moisture is a good thing, but over-compression and disintegration are definitely not.

Audio indicators

It is possible to pick up audio cues from your cannabis, by breaking apart the nugs between your fingers.

  • When flowers have been properly cured and dried, a pronounced ‘snap’ sound can be heard easily: this is a good indicator that there is still plenty of moisture in your cannabis, and it’s still in a smoke-worthy state
  • If you hear a crackly, dry sound between your fingers, and the flowers look brittle or old, it’s a good indication that the cannabis is past its prime and has dried out

Taste indicators

Unfortunately, the taste test cannot be performed without actually smoking the cannabis, so it should definitely not be the first evaluation you you do.

If your cannabis is old or has gone bad, it simply won’t smoke well, and you’ll be well aware of that fact before you have gone very far into smoking.

If your cannabis passes all five tests, hallelujah – sit back and enjoy the evening!
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How to Flush Your System & Pass Marijuana Tests

Most people who apply for employment with a company nowadays are required to pass a drug test as a condition of employment.

Hiring managers and departments are being required more often by their companies to require candidates to pass marijuana tests because hiring the wrong person can be extremely costly to a firm.

There are some things you can do to get through the drug test, and none of them involve switching vials of urine surreptitiously.

The natural 30-day method

Once you stop smoking marijuana, it will take approximately 30 days for all traces to leave your system. However, if you aren’t in good health, or if you’re well over 200 pounds, that 30 days can be stretched out to much longer.

This natural method involves

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Get regular exercise
  • Stick to a diet that favors greens and fruits rather than meats or junk foods – which tend to linger in the body
  • Drink green or dandelion tea regularly – these help to detoxify the body naturally
  • Abstain from smoking weed during this period

To be sure that you’re clean and ready for testing, you should do a self-test at home.

The quick 3-6 day method

Generally speaking, you won’t have 30 days or longer to flush your body out in preparation for a drug test. If you have as much as a week, there are products available which rapidly detoxify your body to meet the deadline.

There are herbal supplements which accelerate the detox process and flush out your urinary tract much more rapidly than normal, and leave you ready for testing. Some of these are a bit costly, so expect to pay between $50 and $100 if you need to get clean in a hurry – but how badly do you want the job?

The lightning-fast 24-hour method

When you get a surprise requirement for next-day testing, you don’t have many options – there are no products which permanently cleanse your system of testable toxins.

However, there are products available that can provide you with a 6-hour window of drug-free testing.

These can temporarily clean out the bladder and urinary tract to remove all traces of marijuana, but soon after that, toxins from around the body will return and begin to build up in the bladder once again.

So, if you can time it just right, you can pull off a clean test even if it happens to fall on the very next day – but just to be sure, you should probably self-test so you don’t get caught off guard by results.

Does Cannabis Affect Memory?

Most of us have seen movies which depict cannabis users as delightfully scatterbrained, and afflicted with a euphoric detachment from reality, accompanied by any number of humorous side effects, one of which is complete loss of memory. But does cannabis really have any effect on short-term memory, or is that something just written into movie scripts to generate laughs?

It should be acknowledged at the outset, that this is a very difficult area to measure accurately, because there are different types of memory, e.g. short-term memory and long-term memory. It also should be noted that the effects cannabis can have on memory are largely determined by which strain of cannabis is in question, how often it’s used, and what dosage is consumed.

Short-term effects

While it should be acknowledged that available information on this subject comes from limited studies, there does seem to be certain facts which consistently emerge, relative to the connection between cannabis usage and its effect on memory.

  • Formation of new memories– studies suggest that cannabis users do not form new memories as readily as during periods of non-usage
  • No blackouts– cannabis users do not experience the memory blackouts that binge drinkers do, when they simply cannot recall specific details of things that happened while they were under the influence
  • Recall difficulty– it appears there is some difficulty in remembering events and situations which occurred during periods of usage, and even for several hours afterward, until the effects wear off
  • Development of tolerance– frequent users of cannabis generally develop a tolerance to any memory impairment effects, so that the impact is less and less over time
  • Temporary effects– in all known studies on the subject, it was clear that any impact on memory was temporary in nature, and involved no long-term impairment

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Long-term effects

In one of the few studies conducted on long-term effects of cannabis usage, Professor Reto Auer from the University of Lausanne in Switzerland surveyed over 3,000 Americans over a period of 25 years.

Specifically testing for verbal recall, his results showed that cannabis users who smoked every day during that time were able to recall 8.5 out of 15 words. The control group, consisting of individuals who either smoked very little or not at all, could recall nine out of 15 words at each point during the testing.

Positive cannabis effect on memory?

One of the most interesting aspects in the study of cannabis effects on memory, is that it might actually help to protect rather than degrade memory.

Several studies have demonstrated that high levels of cannabidiol (CBD), which is the non-psychoactive cannabis component, may actually impart a therapeutic benefit. This can serve to prevent cognitive degradation.

CBD protects against damage caused by alcohol

Research in its early stages points at the fact that CBD seems to protect against damage caused to the brain by alcohol abuse.

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has reported findings that CBD is able to prevent brain cell destruction due to alcohol abuse, by as much as 60%. Related studies suggest that CBD also acts as a neuro-protectant, and serves to prevent the onset of many diseases which affect the brain such as dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.

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Amazing Dietary Benefits of Cannabis

In the view of Dietitian Jessica Aragona, the next best thing might be the most nutritious plant ever discovered by humanity with some amazing dietary benefits of cannabis. That’s undoubtedly saying a lot of course, but there is some strong evidence to back up the notion that cannabis has some powerful nutritional advantages.

For instance, it is a terrific source of protein, it’s very easy to digest, and it’s rich in Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, which are known to provide numerous health benefits.

For those who follow a vegan lifestyle, cannabis is also dairy-free, gluten-free, and 100% vegan, so it can fit right in with that lifestyle.

Raw dietary benefits of cannabis

Raw cannabis is not psychoactive unless it is first heated, but it still contains two very powerful compounds which are disease-fighting dynamos; cannabidiol (CBD), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

When these two are ingested like any other vegetable (for example mixed in with a salad, blended into a smoothie, or juiced into a liquid) they produce some tremendous health benefits to the consumer.

Dr. William Courtney is credited with being a prime move in the ‘Raw Greens’ movement, and helped to reveal many of these benefits by devising a method for raw cannabis juicing.

In one of his best-known cases, a woman named Kristen Petuski-Courtney experienced an astounding return to good health after suffering through years of chronic illnesses which left her virtually debilitated. All medical treatments had failed her for years until she was introduced to raw cannabis juicing – and her miraculous recovery began.

The woman in this case is far from an isolated success however. As Dr. Courtney himself says, “Whether Sativa, Indica, Ruderalis, male, female, hermaphrodite, native, feral, bred for fiber, seeds or medicinal resin, cannabis is the best source for beneficial cannabinoids. Over 50 patients have used only cannabinoids to put their cancer in remission, and over 150 have found symptomatic relief.”

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Medical conclusions

Dr. Courtney’s medical conclusions about the benefits which accrue from ingesting raw cannabis are startling, and may hold the promise of medical breakthroughs in the future.

He has found that ingesting cannabis raw is far more effective than smoking it, because the properties of cannabinoids are degraded through heating, and lose their therapeutic effectiveness.

Raw cannabis however, triggers activation in the brain’s own cannabinoid system, and that results in the release of antioxidants in the body. As most people are aware, antioxidants serve as cleaners in the body, and cause the removal of many kinds of damaged body cells. This in turn, increases the efficiency of all other cells in the body, which are no longer burdened by weakened or damaged cells.

While smoking cannabis does treat the symptoms of many pains and illnesses, raw consumption seems to be far superior in terms of providing a healthy and therapeutic boost to the body’s systems, and possibly curing the causes of those problems.

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How to Make a Balm Using Cannabis

Just when you thought you had heard everything about the health benefits of cannabis, along comes another discovery about the amazing healing properties of the plant, in this case as a balm.

Almost everyone has a need for balms or salves to provide relief from localized pains or irritations around the body, and it has been found that cannabis is terrific at doing just that.

Since balms are applied directly to the skin, any psychoactive characteristics of the plant are bypassed, so that only the pain relief benefits come into play. Here’s how you can make your own basic balm using cannabis salve, and start feeling for yourself one of the newly discovered benefits of the amazing cannabis plant.

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Making a basic cannabis salve

To begin the process, assemble the following ingredients:
  • 28 grams of dried cannabis, finely ground up so that it can be easily mixed
  • 1-1/2 cups of any kind of coconut oil
  • 1/3 cup of olive oil
  • 1/3 cup of beeswax
  • a double boiler or a sauce pan
  • a cookie sheet with a long flat surface
  • one medium-size jar
  • one cheesecloth
  • 2-3 containers to hold your salve
  • several drops of your favorite kind of essential oil

After gathering all the ingredients you’ll need for the process, pre-heat your oven to a temperature of 240°F, and then spread your dried ground cannabis powder uniformly over the surface of the baking sheet. Once the oven has been pre-heated, you will need to de-carboxylate your cannabis in the oven for about 15 minutes.

In the meantime, add the olive oil and coconut oil together in your saucepan or double boiler, and heat them over a low stovetop temperature, while making sure to stir them continuously. When your cannabis in the oven has been fully decarboxylated, remove it and mix it into the coconut oil/olive oil mixture. While maintaining a low heat under your saucepan, continuously stir this new mixture for between 20 and 25 minutes.

Final stages

It’s important that you remember to keep the heat low for the saucepan or double boiler, because if it gets too high, the cannabis will be scorched and the THC might burn off, which will decrease the potency of your salve. After the 25 minutes of stirring, remove your mixture from the heat source and pour it through the cheesecloth into your medium-sized jar, then set the jar aside for a while.

Now heat your beeswax in the saucepan, and as it begins to melt, add the mixture of your coconut oil, olive oil, and cannabis into it. This is also the time when you should add your essential oil, which should be a favorite scent like lavender. Be careful not to overdo this though, because even a few drops will be enough to impart a very fragrant scent to the mixture.

Once everything has been thoroughly mixed together and heated for a few minutes, remove it from the stovetop and transfer it into the containers you set aside for your cannabis-infused salve. Once it cools and solidifies, you’re ready to start enjoying the benefits of one of the most effective topicals in existence – and you made it all yourself!
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How to Grow Auto Flowering Cannabis Seeds

If you haven’t heard about how to grow auto flowering cannabis, the term refers to those plants which do not require a specifically timed light cycle, and will instead flower all by themselves, following a period of approximately three weeks in a vegetative state.

The auto-flowering plants are derived from cross-breeding with cannabis ruderalis, which is sub-species of cannabis renowned for its ability to auto-flower, as well as its relatively short stature. By crossing ruderalis with indica or sativa strains, you can create a plant which grows and flowers all on its own, irrespective of photoperiods.

Why grow auto-flowering plants?

The real advantage of growing auto-flowering plants is that they are not subject to any lighting requirements, and will produce buds regardless of how much sunlight they receive.

If plants get more than 12 hours of sunlight each day, it won’t be a problem, and they will still produce bigger buds than most other cannabis plants. In addition, if you have a discreet growing operation, these plants are much smaller than normal cannabis plants, and will attract far less attention from curious neighbors.

How to grow auto-flowers

These plants typically grow very quickly, so more preparation is needed upfront to be ready for that rapid maturity. While the plants are in vegetative phase, which could be as short as two weeks, you’ll need to train the plants by topping each plant after it develops at least three nodes. Alternatively, you can simply pull the plants down in a sideways direction to force new upward growth. Once plants begin to flower, no further topping should be done, and pruning should be discontinued after one week.

Ideally these plants should be grown in a greenhouse, because the best time to start them is either in March or September. At this time of year, it could still be chilly and rainy, and plants will need warmth without excess rain. Greenhouse growing will eliminate both of these potential hazards, and provide the most favorable conditions for flourishing.

Less feeding is required by auto-flowering plants, because they do not spend long in the vegetative state, and because they will mature into smaller plants anyway. This means feedings should be light, even with typically necessary components like nitrogen. Since they grow quickly, the overarching canopy is always less pronounced, and buds appear further down on the plant.

Establish a continuous growing process

This means that you should harvest in a sequential manner, taking the colas first, while allowing a little more time for the buds to develop and get denser. While you are in the harvesting process, it’s a good idea to pop the seeds from your plants, so you can begin preparing for your next crop. You can even plant these seeds immediately and in the same greenhouse room as your mature plants, since lighting requirements are not an issue for either group.

To get your initial batch of seeds, you can search online for seed banks, but make sure to pay close attention to the legal requirements for ordering, to make sure you don’t run afoul of local or interstate authorities.

How to Increase Cannabis Yield by Using CO2

You may have heard a lot about the concentration of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere, especially in connection with the global warming phenomenon. But at present the actual percentage of carbon dioxide in the overall atmosphere stands at .04%.

While the level of carbon dioxide may be rising, plants do still need this gas from our atmosphere in order to carry on the process of photosynthesis, which converts CO2 into energy. Cannabis growers can take advantage of this fact by introducing higher levels of carbon dioxide into their growing facility, so as to increase the yield from any given crop.

Photosynthesis in action

Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is extracted by the stomates of a plant, which are the tiny pores through which plants breathe. That carbon dioxide is combined with either sunlight or the light from artificial sources to generate oxygen and sugar.

While the oxygen is released back into the atmosphere as an unused by-product, plants use the sugar in order to sustain themselves and grow. As long as you provide an adequate light source, which corresponds to your increasing level of carbon dioxide, the natural process of photosynthesis will work to increase your cannabis yield.

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How to increase CO2 levels

While the benefits of a richer yields are very inviting, the process by which additional carbon dioxide is introduced to your grow space can be somewhat expensive and tricky to manage.

1. One method is to use a CO2 generator

These look very much like a patio heater, and burns propane or other natural gasses to produce carbon dioxide.

You can set this up to automatically fire up or shut down in order to maintain a pre-set carbon dioxide level.

Be aware that this method also produces additional heat which you’ll have to account for, and possibly vent out of your grow space.

2. Another way of introducing higher levels of CO2 is through the use of compressed CO2 tanks

They are available from compressed gas vendors and hydroponic outlets. This method differs from the CO2 generator in that the CO2 has already been produced and stored for you.

It allows you to simply release a controlled amount of the gas into your grow space.

It also means that no extra heat is being produced as a result of burning gas, which makes this an ideal method for use in relatively small growing facilities.

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Points to remember

  • Additional CO2 should only be introduced to your grow space during the time that you have your light source turned on, since no photosynthesis will occur during dark times.
  • It’s also a good idea to have fans in operation which circulate the CO2 around your growing plants so it can be more easily absorbed by all plants.
  • Finally, be careful to match your CO2 level to the volume of light made available in your grow space, because if there is excess CO2 which does not get pulled into photosynthesis, it could end up damaging your valuable cannabis plants.

Oregon Leads the Nation’s Efforts Again with Hemp-Infused Alcohol

Oregon has been the leader of medical and recreational marijuana legalization efforts over the past few years, and they’ve just raised the bar again.

Change in Legislation

Over the weekend, Oregon reported a change in the legislation that legalizes the blend of alcohol with locally-cultivated hemp.

But of course it’s not final yet, as the OLCC, the Oregon Liquor Control Commission has kept infused alcohol prohibited at this point.

“Hemp-infused beverages are only allowed if the U.S. Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) has approved the beverage formula, in accordance with the April 2000 Hemp Policy.” – OLCC

Oregon Leads the Nation in Craft Beer

Oregon has a big reputation for both hemp and alcohol, specifically beer and wine. Many people in the nation recognize Oregon as being one of the top brewery states with three main cities filled with craft breweries, Bend, Portland, and Eugene. Not to mention southern Oregon as being a new age Wine Valley producing similar grapes to that of Napa Valley.

Oregon’s help industry has also been booming over the past year as they recently reduced decriminalization towards legalization and have made regulations friendlier.

“Prior to manufacturing or selling hemp-infused beverages, the formula and label of the drink must be approved by the OLCC.” – Allie Beckett,

We are already seeing breweries excited about this change as many have already introduced the blend by substituting the hemp plant in for hops.

Why marijuana produces THC and why it gets us high

Have you ever wondered about why the marijuana produces THC, and why that ingredient produces such a euphoric and desirable feeling in humans?

These two things go so well together, but why are they such a perfect match in the first place?

It probably wouldn’t be bursting anyone’s bubble to learn that the marijuana plant does not produce THC for the express purpose of getting us high, nor do we get high because it’s something intended by nature or by the evolutionary process.

Surprisingly however, humans do have what’s known as an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a network of receptors wound all throughout the human body, allowing us to feel the pleasant euphoria generated by cannabis.

Why humans have an ECS

Humans are not the only creatures to have evolved an endocannabinoid system – it’s actually a development common to many other animal species. The main features of the ECS appeared in evolutionary history hundreds of millions of years ago, even pre-dating the spectacular explosion of dinosaur life which dominated the earth for 200 million years after its emergence.

The fact that cannabis only appeared on earth approximately 35 million years ago, makes it clear that there is no intentional connection between the two, and certainly that humans do not possess their well-developed ECS systems simply to enjoy the effects of cannabis.

As scientists and biologists now recognize, the real function of the endocannabinoid system in humans is to help regulate some of the body’s major biological processes. This function of maintaining proper balance among all body systems is referred to as homeostasis, and the ECS system contributes strongly toward that balancing act of homeostasis.

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Why plants produce THC

From the perspective of the plant, THC is produced not for the delight of its human discoverers, but simply as a means of survival. Since cannabis grows in many different areas of the world as well as many different climates, it has adapted to self-preservation by producing THC in the tiny glands on the plant surface known as trichomes.

The THC produced by marijuana plants is a natural defense mechanism against insects and animals.

The psychoactive properties which discourage insects and animals to eat, it just happens to be the same properties which make it wonderfully appealing to humans.

How to Roll a Marijuana Joint

Rolling a perfect marijuana joint is like any other hands-on skill

It takes some practice before you’re a pro at it

You’ll probably encounter a few awkward looking rolls before you get it close to right. You can however, eliminate some of the most common mistakes by following the step-by-step process we’ve outlined.

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1. Gather your materials

  • One of the most important things to have is a grinder, which can reduce your buds and stems to a fine level of granularity so stems won’t stick out of the paper and ruin the joint, and you’ll have an even distribution of cannabis throughout the length of the joint.
  • You’ll also need some good rolling papers – this is not an area where you should skimp on quality. You don’t want papers tearing or falling apart.

2. Put the cannabis into rolling paper

  • Make sure that the marijuana is evenly distributed in your rolling paper.
  • Some people prefer to leave the tips with less content so it’s easier to seal off, but the downside of that strategy is that it leaves you smoking paper on the ends, rather than smoking the good stuff.

3. Form the joint

  • Gently pinch the joint together and make sure the two edges of the paper line up.
  • From the middle of the joint outward
  • Gently compress the cannabis
  • Work the paper back and forth a few times to give form to the joint

4. Roll the paper

  • With the side containing the cannabis closest to you, roll the paper upward toward the free edge of the paper, to a point just below the glue line

5. Seal it

  • Lick the glued edge of the paper, and close it down over the side containing the marijuana

6. Close it off

  • Tamp down both ends of the joint with a pencil head, to keep the cannabis inside from spilling out

7. (Optional)

  • If you prefer to include a filter at one end, you’ll need to cut off a small strip from your filter paper, roll it up into a size that can be inserted into one end of your joint, and then gently ease it in.

8. Twist

  • If you inserted a filter, you’ll only have one end that needs to be twisted off to close the joint, otherwise both ends will need to be twisted shut in order to finish the job.

When you’re first starting out, it’s advisable to use a little less cannabis in your joint-rolling efforts, because that will be easier to form and roll. Larger, fatter joints can be created once you’ve got the hang of it, and you get comfortable with the technique. The great thing about learning to roll is – even if you mess up in a major way, all you have to do is empty out your paper, and start all over again!

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